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Date Shared: 25 June 2018
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The New Zealand system of government is a parliamentary democracy based on the Westminster system that comes from Great Britain. In New Zealand, there are two layers of government, local government and national (whole country) and there are three branches, the Executive, the Legislative and the Judicial.
Citizens over the age of 18 can vote in local and national elections to choose representatives to Parliament (MP’s) and to the local council The government employs people to carry out and performs a range of services. These people are called public servants. The New Zealand parliament was established by the NZ Constitution Act of 1852. The NZ Parliament includes Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II who is represented by the Governor-General and all the members of the House of Representatives. Parliament is the lawmaking body of government. Laws are passed, amended (changed) and repealed (ended) in Parliament. Parliament is where elected representatives meet to discuss and debate laws and issues.
The elected representatives are Members of Parliament (MP’s). They are usually all members of a political party. Some are Electorate MP’s and others are List MP’s. Usually the political party that has the most MP’s will form a government, however, if two or more political parties can form a coalition government and they have more seats, then they will become the government. .
The leader of the government is called the Prime Minister. He leads a group of senior MP’s who are Ministers. They form a group called the Cabinet. Each Cabinet Minister is responsible for a government department or ministry. The Leader of the political party that has the next highest number of seats is called the Leader of the Opposition
parliamentary democracy Westminster Great two local national three Executive Legislative Judicial Citizens vote representatives Parliament public Constitution Governor-General House lawmaking elected political Electorate List Prime Cabinet Leader Opposition
25 June 2018
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