Cloze Test Worksheet
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Date Shared: 17 September 2015
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When first looking at American Progress, our attention is initially attracted by the majestic
feminine figure in a flowing white gown at the center of the painting. This figure is a personification of the United States called Columbia (named after Christopher Columbus). She is an allegorical representation of the modernization of the new West. Columbia leads civilization
westward. You can notice that she is holding a schoolbook in her hand, which symbolizes
education. Innovations like the telegraph and the railways that gradually reach the West are
also highlighted in this painting. In fact she embodies Manifest Destiny, the 19th century
religious belief that the United States was destined to, and should expand across the continent
in the name of God, bringing progress, law and democracy to the West. In Columbia's wake,
American settlers follow, eager to develop new economic activities. As she moves forward,
Columbia brings light to the dark West and Native Americans together with buffaloes flee in
terror, as you can notice on the left of the painting.
majestic personification Columbia civilization schoolbook Innovations Manifest Destiny belief destined progress eager light flee left
17 September 2015
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