Unit 4 Part 3 Vocabulary

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Date Shared: 6 December 2023

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“The great compromiser” Seems to be involved in everything in American history from 1810 until 1850: The War of 1812 The Treaty of Ghent The Missouri Compromise The American System The “Corrupt Bargain” The Nullification Crisis Multiple presidential elections The Compromise of 1850. Along with John C. Calhoun and Daniel Webster, Henry Clay did more to impact nineteenth-century American history than almost any non-president.
Henry Clay
(1782-1850), was a prominent U.S. statesman and spokesman for the slave-plantation system of the antebellum South As a young congressman from South Carolina, he helped steer the United States into war with Great Britain and established the Second Bank of the United States Went on to serve as U.S. secretary of war, vice president and briefly as secretary of state. As a longtime South Carolina senator, he was renowned as a leading voice for those seeking to secure the institution of slavery and the Doctrine of Nullification which is the belief in an inherent right of a state to override the federal government.
John Calhoun
A supporter of states’ rights and slavery’s extension into the new western territories Opposed the Whig Party and Congress on polarizing issues such as the Bank of the United States For some, his legacy is tarnished by his role in the forced relocation of Native American tribes living east of the Mississippi
Andrew Jackson
American foreign policy opposing interference in the western hemisphere from outside powers, specifically European countries On December 2, 1823, President James Monroe used his annual message to Congress for a bold assertion: ‘The American continents … are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers”
Monroe Doctrine
Part of President Andrew Jackson's Indian removal policy in 1838 and 1839 The Cherokee nation was forced to give up its lands east of the Mississippi River and to migrate to an area in present-day Oklahoma The Cherokee people called this journey the "Trail of Tears," because of its devastating effects The migrants faced hunger, disease, and exhaustion on the forced march. Over 4,000 out of 15,000 of the Cherokees died.
Trail of Tears
A federal Indian reservation is an area of land reserved for a tribe or tribes under treaty or other agreement with the United States government Enacted by executive order, or federal statute or administrative action Permanent tribal homelands, but where the federal government holds title to the land in trust on behalf of the tribe
It is important not to confuse nationalism with patriotism Patriotism is a healthy pride in your country that brings about feelings of loyalty and a desire to help other citizens Nationalism can inspire people to break free of a foreign oppressor, as in the American Revolution
French for ‘leave alone’ Theory that the less the government is involved in free market capitalism, the better off business will be, and then by extension society as a whole

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6 December 2023

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