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Date Shared: 10 March 2019
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The Popular Front win the election to the Cortes (Spanish parliament)
General Mola, General Franco and other army officers meet in Madrid to discuss a military coup against the Popular Front government.
The government bans the Falange, a Spanish fascist organisation, and arrests its leader Primo de Rivera.
Start of military rebellion against the Spanish government, first in North Africa and then in mainland Spain.
The military uprising is defeated in Madrid and Barcelona, but large parts of Spain come under the control of the rebels.
The Civil Guard and military cadets are besieged in the Alcazar, Toledo and are saved by Franco's Nationalist troops.
Late 7/1936 and onwards
Italian and German military supplies, including aircraft, are received by the rebels in North Africa and Spain. The USSR sens aid to the Republicans.
France and Great Britain propose a policy of non intervention, which is agreed to by by Germany, Portugal, the USSR and Italy.
Nationalists capture the city of Badajoz. 2000-4000 civilians are massacred by Spanish Moroccan troops.
Caballero becomes prime minister of a coalition government of socialists, communists, Left republicans, Basque Nationalists and (later) anarchists.
Irun, a Basque town, is captured by the Nationalists.
Rebel leaders agree that General Franco should be supreme commander of the Nationalist forces,
First International Brigades are formed: foreign volunteers fighting on the side of the Republican government.
Nationalist troops capture the town of Brunette, west of Madrid.
Start of land attack on Madrid.
Start of the battle of Jarama - a Nationalist offensive to cross the river Jarama, east of Madrid.
Nationalists troops launch an offensive northeast of Madrid: Battle of Guadalajara
Bombing of Basque town of Guernica by German aeroplanes.
Divisions between different factions of the Republican Government result in street fighting in Barcelona.
Franco is endorsed as legitimate ruler of Spain by Spanish bishops (Catholic church)
Capture of city of Gijon by Nationalist forces. All of the north coast is under rebel control.
Battle of Teruel. republican forces capture Teruel before being forced back by Nationalists.
Republican forces launch an offensive across the river Ebro but are forced back by Nationalists.
Withdrawal of the International Brigade from the front.
Nationalist forces enter Barcelona.
Fall of Catalonia to Nationalist troops.
Madrid taken by Nationalist troops.
Republican surrender. Franco declares war to be over.
Reviewing the timeline write a brief review of the Spanish Civil War. What do the events tell you about the Nationalist strategy? Why do you think the Republicans lost the war?
10 March 2019
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